The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a multilateral initiative to foster greater transparency and accountability, improve governance, and increase civic engagement. OGP members are expected to develop action plans to be implemented over a two-year period. Plans must advance the principles of transparency, accountability, citizen participation, and technology and innovation. The OGP also expects sub-national entities to contextualize their participation and identify commitments that speak to one or more of the OGP Challenges.
These five OGP challenges are:
- Improving Public Services: Measures that address the full range of citizen services, by fostering public service improvement or private sector innovation;
- Increasing Public Integrity: Measures that address corruption and public ethics, access to information, campaign finance reform, and media and civil society freedom;
- More Effectively Managing Public Resources: Measures that address budgets, procurement, natural resources and foreign assistance;
- Creating Safer Communities: Measures that address public safety, the security sector, disaster and crisis response, and environmental threats; and
- Increasing Corporate Accountability: Measures that address corporate responsibility on issues such as the environment, anti-corruption, market/consumer protection, and community engagement.
An open government is one with high levels of transparency and mechanisms for public scrutiny and oversight in place, with an emphasis on government accountability. Transparency is considered the traditional hallmark of an open government, meaning that the public should have access to government-held information and be informed of government proceedings.
OGP’s vision is that more governments become sustainably more transparent, more accountable, and more responsive to their own citizens, with the ultimate goal of improving the quality of governance, as well as the quality of services that citizens receive.